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从句之间的区别

编辑:南昌思锐家教咨询有限公司  时间:2012/03/30  字号:
摘要:从句之间的区别
江西师大家教中心提供,首先看引导从句的关系词that是否在从句中充当句子成分。如果在从句中充当主、宾、表,则是定语从句。再看that前的名词是否是一些需要有内容的名词,如:idea, fact, thought, news等。(belief, doubt, fact, hope, idea, news,possibility, thought, message, word, problem, promise, truth, information, plan, suggestion, opinion, problem, question, decision, answer, reply)后面的从句是说明其内容的,(这个名词在后面的从句中部充当任何成分),这个从句则是同位语从句例1、The news that he had been back surprised us all. (that引导同位语从句)例2、He had to settle the problem that they left. (that引导定语从句)区分两类从句的方法是看关系词是否在从句中充当成分,若充当成分的就是定语从句(如例2, that在从句中充当left的宾语):不充当成分而只是阐述前面名词的具体内容的,就是同位语从句(如例1,he had been back就是news的具体内容)。
  或者从语气上辨别从句位于少数几个名词,如 suggestion,advice,order,request 等后时,同位语从句的谓语动词必须用虚拟语气,既 should +动词原形, should可以省略;而定语从句则没有这一要求。如:
  The advice that we (should) build a school in that small village was supported by all of us. (同位语从句)The advice that he gave was supported by all of us. (定语从句)
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